Energy Efficiency Directive recast: EU reaches new energy efficiency target, but falls short of potential

The recast of the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) has been finalized after a long trilogue between the European Parliament, the Council of the EU, and the European Commission.

While the deal includes an improvement of the current law by raising the 2030 energy efficiency target, it falls short of the level proposed by REPowerEU and does not fully utilize the cost-effective energy savings potential. The agreement establishes an EU energy efficiency target of 11.7% for both final and primary energy by 2030, with the EU target in final energy becoming binding for the first time in the EU energy efficiency framework. However, the EU objective in primary energy remains indicative, and national contributions for both primary and final energy are also indicative, which may reduce the certainty of meeting the EU target.

The agreement on the recast of the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) must still be formally approved by the Council and the European Parliament before it can be published in the Official Journal. Once it is published, Member States can begin implementing the directive. A significant deadline is set for 30th June 2023, which is when Member States are required to submit draft updates of their National Energy and Climate Plans to the European Commission. 

The European Commission’s press release on the deal can be accessed here.

The Council of the EU’s press release on the deal can be accessed here.